The volatility, which began at the beginning of the 1970s with the end of the Bretton Woods agreement, allowed swap-like derivatives to pass over. With the contribution of technology that develops day by day, besides banks and similar financial institutions, individual investors have the opportunity to trade easily with very narrow spread ratios in leverage derivative markets when it comes day by day. Starting in 2012, the forex markets in Turkey, which have developed especially in the last 10 years, started to be monitored by financial institutions providing the opportunity to trade in forex markets under CMB regulation, and interest of big and small investors who want to take advantage of the opportunity of higher volume transactions by leverage ratio started to increase.
Let’s go over an example to clarify the concept of “leverage” that is often used in Forex markets and seen as a risk factor
by investors. Suppose that Mr. Collin, who opened a forex account at Finance online FX with a leverage ratio of 1/100, deposited $1,000 as his initial deposit. The maximum position size that Mr. Collin can open with this guarantee is 100.000 USD (1.000 x 100). The maximum position size should be underlined here. Because of the trader’s trading platform,
the nominal size of the position opened on the order screen can also be seen, as is the value in lots. If Mr. Collin is trading in the USD / TRY range on MetaTrader4 platform, one of the most frequently used trading platforms for forex markets, he will open the 1 lot position by selecting the field “1” in the order screen. The nominal size of the position it opens is also 100,000 USD. Now, Mr. Collin’s account of 1,000 USD increases or decreases to include the profit or loss of a USD 100,000 position in the USDTRY price per pips rise / fall.
LIMITATIVE PROCESSING SAMPLES
As we can see from our examples, we can open a high volume position with low leverage. The risk here is that investors should use high leverage to open up more positions. That is, if Mr. Sam continues to open positions with high lot ratios by saying that he has left 99,000 USD behind the 1 lot process that he has opened using 1/100 leverage, then the leverage ratio may start to pose a risk for investors. However, if Mr. Sam continues to take action in the direction of the strategies he has created and take his risk appetite without taking another position or open a limited position, he may wait for USD / TRY to keep his position for a long period of time, even if he anticipates moving. Forex markets and leverage opportunities can be a risk factor because the amount of money earned is directly proportional to the risk involved. However, adjusting this risk level is entirely at the discretion of the investor.
The Capital Markets Board is a supervisory body that exercises its authority established under the Capital Markets Law independently under its own responsibility.
Capital Markets Board; Has introduced new regulations to regulate and audit the forex market. The reason for the need for such arrangements; The fact that most of the institutions that provide services for investing have their headquarters abroad and that the necessary controls can be made. The investors have lost money in large quantities after the transactions they have opened due to insufficient examination in this market.
Foreign exchange transactions require a great deal of knowledge and experience because there are many factors that affect the value of currencies. Because the transactions are carried out on platforms, the problems that may arise in the circumstances where the brokerage houses are not subject to statutory audits can prevent them from reaching the investors’ capitals.
In addition, the forex brokerage house, which owns the CMB document under this arrangement, is subject to having a certain capital power and information processing infrastructure. This makes forex companies more reliable in terms of forex investors. The Board is also able to protect investors of their own country against the risky Forex market by introducing restrictions on leverage rates that brokerage houses can offer and the ads they can publish.