For example; Egypt had serious pressure on the exchange rate due to the fall of the US dollar to the black market. The rise of the black stock market had serious consequences for Egypt’s domestic production and investments. For this reason, Egypt devalued its currency by 14% against the US dollar in March 2016.
After the devaluation, the Egyptian stock market showed very serious rises, but against it the black market forced the Egyptian central bank to take more precautions. On June 12, 2016, the Egyptian bank once again devalued the value of the Egyptian Pound against the US dollar.
Another example of devaluation is China. China, which is experiencing serious problems with the credit market and economic contraction in 2015, has devastated Reminbi, the local currency. China, repeating this devaluation movement several times over the course of the year, warned China that it intervened with the US on monetary policy instruments on global trade. By devaluing the countries’ currencies, trying to gain advantage in global trade and being advantageous in exports is seen as the main cause of currency wars.
Devaluation is a monetary policy tool used by countries that implement a fixed exchange rate regime or a semi-fixed exchange rate regime. Devaluation is the reduction of the value of an official currency of an country against other country currencies or against a group of currency values, or at a currency standard. Devaluation is often confused with depression and is exactly the opposite of revaluation.
Devaluation is a tool used by the government or central bank of the fixed country for the relevant currency. One of the most fundamental reasons for devaluation is that the country reduces the value of its money to compensate for trade deficit. Devaluation is to lower the value of currency and to make exports cheaper and become more advantageous in global trade competition. However, imports become more expensive, and domestic households increase demand for products from domestic producers while expecting a reduction in demand for imported products.
Devaluation seems to be a means of positive monetary policy, but there are also negative effects. Making imports more expensive can make domestic production less effective, or making exports cheaper can cause inflation by increasing demand very seriously.