One of the most used terms in the Forex market, along with terms like leverage, lot, is the margin. Margin is a frequently asked question and is often confused. Margin, which means collateral, is used in the forex market together with different terms. While the amount used when opening a position is called the initial margin (initial margin), we can see how much more we can open the position by looking at the free margin (the free margin).
Margin calculation, in other words margin level, is one of the important points to be considered in the forex market. We find margin level by comparing asset / free margin. When this level reaches below 75%, the margin call-margin call comes in. When the level reaches below 50%, the system automatically closes our positions, starting with the most harmful position. It is not compulsory to provide margin when the margin call warnings are received in Forex markets.
As an example, let’s imagine that we have 5,000 USD in our account and we will do our work using 1/100 leverage. We decided to do 5 lot USDTRY long (long) trading. The initial guarantee for this transaction is 5,000 USD. If this is not the case then the free margin will be 0. If we open this position and we do not like the margins, it is 100%.
Now; If the USDTRY price moves in the opposite direction to the position we opened and the margin reaches 75 percent, we call margin completion, which is called margin call. This means that we should follow our position more closely, because if the margin is below 50% we will automatically close our position by the electronic trading platform MetaTrader4.
Stop out concept in Forex markets; a situation in which a certain percentage of the collateral used remains. In other words, it can be explained as Asset / Used Collateral. To give an example; Suppose we open a position with a 1,000 USD balance and 1,000 start-ups. In this case, our Asset / Used Margin ratio will be 100%. QNB Finansinvest has a stop out level of 50%. In our example above, if our asset, which is $ 1,000, drops to 500 USD, Asset / Used Margin will be 50%, and our most damaged position will automatically stop.
The volatility, which began at the beginning of the 1970s with the end of the Bretton Woods agreement, allowed swap-like derivatives to pass over. With the contribution of technology that develops day by day, besides banks and similar financial institutions, individual investors have the opportunity to trade easily with very narrow spread ratios in leverage derivative markets when it comes day by day. Starting in 2012, the forex markets in Turkey, which have developed especially in the last 10 years, started to be monitored by financial institutions providing the opportunity to trade in forex markets under CMB regulation, and interest of big and small investors who want to take advantage of the opportunity of higher volume transactions by leverage ratio started to increase.
Let’s go over an example to clarify the concept of “leverage” that is often used in Forex markets and seen as a risk factor
by investors. Suppose that Mr. Collin, who opened a forex account at Finance online FX with a leverage ratio of 1/100, deposited $1,000 as his initial deposit. The maximum position size that Mr. Collin can open with this guarantee is 100.000 USD (1.000 x 100). The maximum position size should be underlined here. Because of the trader’s trading platform,
the nominal size of the position opened on the order screen can also be seen, as is the value in lots. If Mr. Collin is trading in the USD / TRY range on MetaTrader4 platform, one of the most frequently used trading platforms for forex markets, he will open the 1 lot position by selecting the field “1” in the order screen. The nominal size of the position it opens is also 100,000 USD. Now, Mr. Collin’s account of 1,000 USD increases or decreases to include the profit or loss of a USD 100,000 position in the USDTRY price per pips rise / fall.
LIMITATIVE PROCESSING SAMPLES
As we can see from our examples, we can open a high volume position with low leverage. The risk here is that investors should use high leverage to open up more positions. That is, if Mr. Sam continues to open positions with high lot ratios by saying that he has left 99,000 USD behind the 1 lot process that he has opened using 1/100 leverage, then the leverage ratio may start to pose a risk for investors. However, if Mr. Sam continues to take action in the direction of the strategies he has created and take his risk appetite without taking another position or open a limited position, he may wait for USD / TRY to keep his position for a long period of time, even if he anticipates moving. Forex markets and leverage opportunities can be a risk factor because the amount of money earned is directly proportional to the risk involved. However, adjusting this risk level is entirely at the discretion of the investor.