The Federal Reserve is the central bank of the United States, which was founded on December 23, 1913. Over time, the roles and responsibilities of the Federal Reserve System have been expanded and changes have taken hold. Ben Bernanke, head of the central bank in Washington. The bank also has the authority to print and distribute US dollars.
The FOMC is the US Federal Reserve Open Market Operations Committee. It is the most important part of the Federal Reserve System’s monetary policies. The FOMC has important tasks such as increasing employment, keeping inflation and macroeconomic balance at an acceptable level, and taking measures to promote economic growth.
The Federal Open Market Commitee meets eight times a year to assess economic trends and determine their monetary policy. FOMC Meetings (FOMC Minutes) are announced three weeks after the FED meetings. In the meeting records; The reasons behind the decisions of the FED meetings include the FOMC members’ view of the macroeconomic outlook, the duration of economic measures and interest rate decisions, and forecasts for future periods. Investors look for clues in this long text for changes that may occur in the FED’s monetary policies.
Interpretation of FOMC Decisions
Interest Rate Decisions: Commitments to keep FED’s policy rate at certain levels are affecting the course of the US dollar and commodities. For example; A clue to the prolongation of the rate at which interest rates are held at very low levels will create a low interest-weak dollar sense. Read More
A parity is a pair of currencies in which a country’s currency is valued against the currency of the other country. According to their prevalence in global markets, major and minor (exotic) parities are examined in two groups. The parallels traded most in global markets are called major. Another reason for the major denomination of these currencies is that country economies are robust and dynamic.
There are 7 major currencies that are traded on financial markets. These are Euro, US Dollar, Japanese Yen, British Sterling, Swiss Franc, Canadian Dollar, Australian Dollar. Minor currencies are currencies with lower transaction volumes, preferred by local investors.
The most preferred minor currencies are New Zealand Dollar, South African Randi, Singapore Dollar. Parity pairs consisting of one major currency and one minor currency are also called minor parity.
On the Forex market, every transaction on the parity occurs when a foreign currency is sold and other foreign currency is bought. According to this price, it is necessary to understand how much the counter currency should be paid to get one from the first currency. If the EURUSD is priced at 1.1090, EUR1.1090 will have to be paid to get 1 EURO. In the Forex market, investors aim to earn from price fluctuations of currency pairs by buying or selling other currencies in exchange for a foreign currency. The expectation of investors who want to buy the euro and make a profit increases the value of parity, but this situation is shaped by the multiplicity of supply and demand.
How is the parity calculated? We will clarify this question with the help of a sample;
EURUSD is calculated as: 3,2440 / 2,9220 = 1,1101.
There are many factors that affect the price of the parity. These are economic data, decisions of the Central Bank, political developments and geopolitical risks, which have a significant effect on the price of the currency. The increase in interest rates ensures that the growth figures announced on the anticipation or the value of the industrial currency are appreciated; Low employment, rising foreign trade deficits in emerging countries, or rising inflation lead to the devaluation of the money. The uncertainties in the political structure of the country and the loss of political confidence will cause the currency to lose value.